4 letter words in bengali
Bengali text is written and read horizontally, from left to right.

As the first member of a conjunct, র rô appears as a diagonal stroke (called রেফ, As the last member of a conjunct, র rô appears as a wavy horizontal line (called রফলা, In some fonts, certain conjuncts with রফলা, As the last member of a conjunct, য jô appears as a wavy vertical line (called যফলা, In some fonts, certain conjuncts with যফলা. Typically, the first consonant in the conjunct is shown above and/or to the left of the following consonants. Some consonants are abbreviated when appearing in conjuncts and lose part of their basic shape. Among the various regional variations within this script, only the Assamese and Bengali variations exist today in the formalised system.

Some consonants fuse in such a way that one stroke of the first consonant also serves as a stroke of the next. are the same as in English. Bengali script was added to the Unicode Standard in October 1991 with the release of version 1.0. The consonants can be placed on top of one another, sharing their vertical line: As the last member of a conjunct, ব bô can hang on the vertical line under the preceding consonants, taking the shape of ব bô (includes বফলা. This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 12:11. Bengali numerals have no horizontal headstroke or মাত্রা "matra". for which the letter-forms stand on an invisible baseline, the Bengali letter-forms instead hang from a visible horizontal left-to-right headstroke called মাত্রা matra. When preceded by ষ ṣô, ণ ṇô appears as two loops to the right: ষ্ণ ṣṇô. In other words, leftwards from the decimal separator, the first grouping consists of three digits, and the subsequent groupings always consist of two digits. [13], Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. its vowel graphemes are mainly realised not as independent letters, but as diacritics modifying the vowel inherent in the base letter they are added to.

Represents the name of a deity or also written before the name of a deceased person, Sign. The Bengali script has a total of 9 vowel graphemes, each of which is called a স্বরবর্ণ swôrôbôrnô "vowel letter". While different standards for romanisation have been proposed for Bengali, they have not been adopted with the degree of uniformity seen in languages such as Japanese or Sanskrit.

When following হ hô, it appears as an extra curl: হু hu.

As the last member of a conjunct, the curled top of ধ dhô is replaced by a straight downstroke to the right, taking the form of ঝ ǰhô instead: গ্ধ gdhô দ্ধ ddhô ন্ধ ndhô ব্ধ bdhô. Some consonants are written closer to one another simply to indicate that they are in a conjunct together. For example, adding ল lô underneath শ shô in Bengali creates the conjunct শ্ল, which is not pronounced shlô but slô in Bengali. (Some graphemes may appear in a form other than the mentioned form due to the font used). For example, the English number 17,557,345 will be written in traditional Bengali as ১,৭৫,৫৭,৩৪৫.

The names of the letters are typically just the consonant sound plus the inherent vowel অ ô.

Bengali script is written from left to right and lacks distinct letter cases. [nb 2] The Bengali alphabet has often been included with the group of Brahmic scripts for romanisation in which the true phonetic value of Bengali is never represented.

Thus, as conjuncts often represent (combinations of) sounds that cannot be easily understood from the components, the following descriptions are concerned only with the construction of the conjunct, and not the resulting pronunciation.

[5][clarification needed]. Different Bengali linguists give different numbers of Bengali diphthongs in their works depending on methodology, e.g. Some consonants are compressed (and often simplified) when appearing as the first member of a conjunct. (. The Bengali alphabet or Bangla alphabet or Bengali script (Bengali: বাংলা বর্ণমালা, bangla bôrnômala) is the alphabet used to write the Bengali language and has historically been used to write Sanskrit within Bengal.

Capital letters are absent in the Bengali script so proper names are unmarked.An apostrophe, known in Bengali as ঊর্ধ্বকমা urdhbôkôma "upper comma", is sometimes used to distinguish between homographs, as in পাটা pata "plank" and পাʼটা pa'ta "the leg". While efforts at standardising the alphabet for the Bengali language continue in such notable centres as the Bangla Academy at Dhaka (Bangladesh) and the Pôshchimbônggô Bangla Akademi at Kolkata (West Bengal, India), it is still not quite uniform yet, as many people continue to use various archaic forms of letters, resulting in concurrent forms for the same sounds. Clusters of up to four consonants can be orthographically represented as a typographic ligature called a consonant conjunct (Bengali: যুক্তাক্ষর/যুক্তবর্ণ juktakkhôr/juktôbôrnô or more specifically যুক্তব্যঞ্জন). As the first member of a conjunct, ঙ ngô can appear as a loop and curl: ঙ্ক ngkô ঙ্গ nggô.

Used in spellings only if they were adopted from Sanskrit and has two different pronunciations depending on the location of the consonant it is used with, Sign. Conjuncts of three consonants also exist, and follow the same rules as above: স sô + ত tô +র rô = স্ত্র strô, ম mô + প pô + র rô = ম্প্র mprô, জ ǰô + জ ǰô + ব bô = জ্জ্ব "ǰǰbô", ক্ষ "kṣô" + ম mô = ক্ষ্ম "kṣmô". In Japanese, there is some debate as to whether to accent certain distinctions, such as Tōhoku vs Tohoku. When following গ gô or শ shô, it takes on a variant form resembling the final tail of ও o: গু gu শু shu. The swôrôbôrnôs represent six of the seven main vowel sounds of Bengali, along with two vowel diphthongs. Sometimes, a hyphen is used for the same purpose (as in পা-টা, an alternative of পাʼটা). When following র rô, and in many fonts also following the variant রফলা. Certain combinations must be memorised: ক্ষ "kṣô" হ্ম "hmô". Instead, it is pronounced ggô in modern Bengali. Browse the words consist of four letters in the English dictionary in alphabetic order :english-bangla.com (Page -1)

Used for prolonging vowel sounds, Diacritic. The Bengali script can be divided into vowels and vowel diacritics/marks, consonants and consonant conjuncts, diacritical and other symbols, digits, and punctuation marks.

The Unicode block for Bengali is U+0980–U+09FF: [a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon. When preceded by হ hô, ন nô appears as a curl to the right: হ্ন "hnô".

A period or dot is used to denote the decimal separator, which separates the integral and the fractional parts of a decimal number. According to Bengali linguist Munier Chowdhury, there are about nine graphemes that are the most frequent in Bengali texts, shown with its percentage of appearance in the adjacent table.[10].

The Bengali script is however less blocky and presents a more sinuous shape.

Since the inherent vowel is assumed and not written, most letters' names look identical to the letter itself (the name of the letter ঘ is itself ghô, not gh). These vowel marks cannot appear without a consonant and are called, An exception to the above system is the vowel, Although there are only two diphthongs in the inventory of the script: ", অ is in the first syllable and there is a ই, if the অ is the inherent vowel in a word-initial consonant cluster ending in, Some letters that have lost their distinctive pronunciation in modern Bengali are called by more elaborate names.

The Bengali script has ten numerical digits (graphemes or symbols indicating the numbers from 0 to 9). The natural pronunciation of the grapheme অ, whether in its independent (visible) form or in its "inherent" (invisible) form in a consonant grapheme, is, /a/, represented by the letter আ, is phonetically realised as a near-open central vowel [, Though in modern Bengali the letters ক, খ, গ, ঘ, ঙ are actually, When used at the beginning or end of a word, হ is pronounced voiceless /, Although ফ represents the aspirated form of the. These are mainly the Brahmi-Sanskrit diacritics, phones and punctuation marks present in languages with Sanskrit influence or Brahmi-derived scripts.

Others simply take exceptional forms in conjuncts, bearing little or no resemblance to the base character. George Cardona and Danesh Jain (2003), The Indo-Aryan Languages, Routledge, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bengali language Movement (North Dinajpur), International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, http://www.omniglot.com/writing/bengali.htm, "Learning International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration", "ITRANS – Indian Language Transliteration Package", "Orthography of Asiatick Words in Roman Letters", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengali_alphabet&oldid=983470745, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from November 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2015, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Special character or sign.


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