banana plant adaptations

Still, due to its size, it is commonly thought of as a tree. [103] Banana germplasm is conserved in many national and regional gene banks, and at the world's largest banana collection, the International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre (ITC), managed by Bioversity International and hosted at KU Leuven in Belgium. banana tree adaptations include changing colors to stay warm, and using its big leaves that cover its body to absorb the sun light that is needed if not provided. [43], In Southeast Asia – the center of diversity for bananas, both wild and cultivated – the distinction between "bananas" and "plantains" does not work, according to Valmayor et al. The Windward Islands are notable for the growing, largely of Cavendish bananas, for an international market, generally in Europe but also in North America. Do You Think Paying For A Lap Dance By A Stripper Or Exotic Dancer Is Cheating? The seeds of bananas are not fertile. [37] Linnaeus made the same distinction between plantains and bananas when first naming two "species" of Musa. Instead of fresh eating, these bananas can be used for cooking, as seen in Jamaican cuisine. A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry[1][2] – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. [10] The leaves of banana plants are composed of a "stalk" (petiole) and a blade (lamina). There are about 1,000 types of banana: sweet, savoury, round, bent, straight, green, yellow, pink, silvery, even spotted and striped. Bananas thrive in warm, humid conditions, but protect plants against temperature extremes as much as possible. The paper is either hand-made or by industrial process. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [47][48] However, there is evidence that bananas were known to the Indus Valley Civilisation from phytoliths recovered from the Kot Diji archaeological site in Pakistan (although they are absent in other contemporary sites in South Asia). India is the world’s biggest producer of bananas. Furthermore, ethylene signals the production of pectinase, an enzyme which breaks down the pectin between the cells of the banana, causing the banana to soften as it ripens.[113][114]. There also may be neutered flowers. Thus the banana producer and distributor Chiquita produces publicity material for the American market which says that "a plantain is not a banana". You should be able to protect it better in cold and inclement weather. In recent years great advances have been made in techniques of deep freezing or (cryopreserving) plant material. Learn More. Harvested shoots are first boiled in lye to prepare fibers for yarn-making. On arrival, bananas are held at about 17 °C (63 °F) and treated with a low concentration of ethylene. Banana plant roots are rhizomes that have many medicinal uses and they are traditionally used in many medicines in Ayurveda. [73] Flavor and texture are also affected by ripening temperature. It is unclear if any existing cultivar can replace Cavendish bananas, so various hybridisation and genetic engineering programs are attempting to create a disease-resistant, mass-market banana. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. [65], Banana crops are vulnerable to destruction by high winds, such as tropical storms or cyclones.[66]. One species. Bananas are classified as a berry, and the fruit actually comes from the female flowers, which, strangely enough, develop without pollination. The name ‘banana’ is African and was carried to the New World by Portuguese slave traders. grow best in Zones 9 through 10. as "true" plantains, distinct from other cooking bananas. A banana inflorescence in Thailand. How Do Coconut Trees Adapt The Rainforest? Many bananas are used both raw and cooked. Dried bananas are also ground to make banana flour. Plant Adaptation Andrew Do Eunice Yoon Explanation Explanation Name: Apple Tree Scientific Name: Malus domestica Native: Mountains of Central Asia in Southern Kazakhastan, China Adaptation: One adaptation that the apple tree has made is the apple itself. Banana plant leaves are huge—depending on the variety, they can be up to 2 feet wide and 9 feet long. Hundreds of different banana and plantain cultivars are grown for domestic consumption, but ‘Cavendish’ bananas dominate the world export trade and are the dessert banana we buy in UK supermarkets. were initially from naturally occurring parthenocarpic (seedless) individuals of Musa acuminata banksii in New Guinea. India is the world leader in this sort of production, but many other Asian and African countries where climate and soil conditions allow cultivation also host large populations of banana growers who sell at least some of their crop. Although the Cavendish has thus far been resistant to such a pestilent invasion, its lack of genetic diversity leaves it equally vulnerable to evolving pathogens and pests. Learn more, There are many ways you can protect rainforests, fight climate change, and help people and wildlife thrive.

Pay close attention to potassium levels. Here, massive Biomes housing the largest rainforest in captivity, stunning plants, exhibitions and stories serve as a backdrop to our striking contemporary gardens, summer concerts and exciting year-round family events. Bodelva As a non-seasonal crop, bananas are available fresh year-round. How do I turn a guy on?

Since then BBW has been diagnosed in Central and East Africa including the banana growing regions of Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Burundi, and Uganda. E.g. © Copyright 1987 - 2020, Rainforest Alliance. [61] North Americans began consuming bananas on a small scale at very high prices shortly after the Civil War, though it was only in the 1880s that the food became more widespread. Plantains are one of many kinds of cooking bananas, which are not always distinct from dessert bananas. Still, due to its size, it is commonly thought of as a tree. Bananas can be made into fruit preserves. [99] No resistant cultivars have been found, but varietal differences in susceptibility have been reported. It comes from the Arabic word ‘banan’ meaning finger. [53] It is likely, however, that bananas were brought at least to Madagascar if not to the East African coast during the phase of Malagasy colonization of the island from South East Asia c. 400 CE.

What Rainforest Animals Eat From The Coconut Tree? For a list of the cultivars classified under this system, see "List of banana cultivars". In addition to the expense, there is the question of how long intensive spraying can be environmentally justified. If bananas are too green, they can be put in a brown paper bag with an apple or tomato overnight to speed up the ripening process. Like almost all bananas, Cavendish lacks genetic diversity, which makes it vulnerable to diseases, threatening both commercial cultivation and small-scale subsistence farming. [100] After being originally identified on a close relative of bananas, Ensete ventricosum, in Ethiopia in the 1960s,[101] BBW occurred in Uganda in 2001 affecting all banana cultivars. In 2017, world production of bananas and plantains combined was 153 million tonnes, led by India and China with a combined total of 27% of global production. When temperatures drop, growth slows down, and very cold temperatures cause plants to die back. - CNN", "F.B.I. It comes from the Arabic word ‘banan’ meaning finger. Banana leaves are used worldwide as cooking materials, plates, umbrellas, seat pads for benches, fishing lines, clothing fabric, and soles for inexpensive shoes. [104] Musa cultivars are usually seedless, and options for their long-term conservation are constrained by the vegetative nature of the plant's reproductive system. The popular Cavendish, for example, is referred to as AAA ‘Dwarf Cavendish,’ where “AAA” signifies its triploidy (three sets of chromosomes) as well as its derivation from M. acuminata. They make good houseplants with enough light and water. Stalks can range in sizes from 2.5 feet to 12 feet long. I am quoting some examples... How Do Squirrels Adapt To Their Environment? Banana with Lemon curry made in a house in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India, Coconut, banana and banana leaves used while worshiping, Banana flowers and leaves for sale in the Thanin market in, Plantation cultivation in the Caribbean, Central and South America, Peasant cultivation for export in the Caribbean, National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group.

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