buddhist monasticism ap world history

97 terms. Cao Dai propounded an eclectic theology, with a pope and such heterogeneous patron saints as the 19th-century French novelist Victor Hugo, the World War II British prime minister Winston Churchill, and the Buddha. In later northern Buddhism (i.e., Mahayana), the role of the historical Buddha was reduced, and the order (sangha) acquired an even more exalted position. Buddhism, far more than in other monastic traditions of the world—with the possible exception of Jainism—attaches central importance to the order, in part because the Buddha began every one of his sermons with the address bhikkhave (“O …

St. Benedict of Nursia. Buddhist Monasticism History and development of the sangha. ... Buddhist monasticism. Varghesec. Start studying AP World Unit 1 Vocabulary. 52 terms. The first was the stupa, a significant object in Buddhist art and architecture. ... AP World History Period 3. About a dozen orders are repudiated as heretical and are accused of using religious pretexts to indulge in antisocial behaviour. Sikhism, founded by the Punjabi reformer Nanak, was the least sympathetic of all indigenous Indian religions to monastic inspirations. Governance in south/southeast asia. State formation and development demonstrated continuity, innovation, and diversity, including the new Hindu and Buddhist states that emerged in South and Southeast Asia. In the earliest days of Buddhism, there was no organized monastic community, only the followers of the Buddha. The Spread of MonAsticism. This one originated in India in the 400s CE and gradually found its way north to the Silk road and into Central and East Asia. The monastic discipline of the Buddhist clergy varies widely in the different parts of the Buddhist world. The chief object of Daoism, however, is not redemption or salvation, at least as those goals are interpreted in other scripturally based religions. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. a religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work, Ex Hindu prince who journeyed to find enlightenment and founded Buddhism, A person who believes in the equality of all people. In principle, the rules are laid down in the vinaya (monastic rules) portion of the Buddha’s sermons, but monastic traditions and regulations have also been shaped by environmental and cultural conditions. In South and Southeast Asia, Buddhist monks were and still are teachers to the people—not only in religious matters but also in the realm of basic education—particularly in Myanmar. Commonly celibate and universally ascetic, the monastic individual separates himself or herself from society either by living as a hermit or … strengthened the early monastic movement by providing discipline and purpose. The name of the more mystical and larger of the two main Buddhist sects. Edtior of Encyclopedia of Monasticism. The fundamental activity, however, remains meditation (Sanskrit dhyana, Pali jhana, from which is derived the schools of Buddhism known as Chan in China and Zen in Japan). Daoism, an ancient Chinese religion (with later Buddhist influences) that inspired some emulation in Japan and Korea, holds a middling position with respect to monastic ventures, lying somewhere between the powerfully antimonastic Confucian schools that always represented the official culture and mainstream of sophisticated Chinese opinion and the radically monastic Buddhists.

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