hydnora africana class
[2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life.[2]Källor. Leistner, O.A.

No leaves or chlorophyll are visible on Hydnora africana plants. ); jakkalskos, bobbejaankos (Afr.).

Hydnora Hydnora africana Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Magnoliids Order: Piperales Family: Aristolochiaceae Subfamily: Hydnoroideae Genus: Hydnora Thunb. This smell is generated from the osmophores, which is a white spongy area in the inner surface of the tepals that eventually changes color to grey. Hydnora africana [1] är en tvåhjärtbladig växtart som beskrevs av Carl Peter Thunberg.

Die Hydnoraceae sind eine Pflanzenfamilie aus der Ordnung der Pfefferartigen (Piperales) mit etwa acht Arten in nur zwei Gattungen.

A flower of Hydnora africana first appeared five and a half years after the initial sowing. [12] These groups of anthers are held in bunches and are used as the flowers stamens.

As it ages, the plant turns dark grey to black. The brown pinhead-sized seeds are embedded in an edible gelatinous pulp with a slightly sweet and starchy taste. Hydnora africana is specifically associated with species of Euphorbia, commonly E. mauritanica and E. tirucalli, found in the dry and semi-arid parts of the Succulent Karoo, Little Karoo, Eastern Cape Karoo, and the dry coastal thickets between the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Hydnora arabica (Aristolochiaceae), a new species from the Arabian Peninsula and a key to Hydnora", "Detecting and Characterizing the Highly Divergent Plastid Genome of the Nonphotosynthetic Parasitic Plant, List of sequenced plastomes: Flowering plants, "Hydnora abyssinica: Ethnobotanical evidence for its occurrence in southern Mozambique", "Ethno-ecological evidence for Hydnora abyssinica occurring in Johannesburg and Durban traditional medicine markets", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hydnora&oldid=974679032, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 August 2020, at 10:57. Das Äußere der Lappen ist von vielen Borsten bedeckt.

[8] These plants do not have chlorophyll and do not perform photosynthesis. It is said to be part of traditional Khoi food, and is often thought to possess medicinal properties that help cure dysentery, kidney and bladder complaints, and acne. [3] Each fruit produces about twenty thousand seeds. Flowers may not appear for a number of years until sufficient rain has fallen.

Die Informationen dieses Artikels entstammen den folgenden Quellen: Die Familie Hydnoraceae auf der APWebsite. These fruits are favoured by mammals such as porcupines, moles, baboons, jackal and also birds. It occurs in both winter and summer rainfall areas with the most common vegetation being the Succulent Karoo, and Eastern Cape Karoo. Hydnora ist beheimatet im südlichen und östlichen Afrika inklusive Madagaskar und strahlt vereinzelt aus auf die Arabische Halbinsel (Jemen, Saudi-Arabien, Oman). One of the recipes describes how the fruit pulp can be mixed with cream to make a delicious dessert. Bud just opeing under Euphorbia mauritanica near Fish River Canyon, southern Namibia.

Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. [6], Seeds from Hydnora africana were brought back to the United States from Africa and planted in pots of Euphorbia. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. These fleshy, angular, warty stems bear a series of vermiform (shaped like a worm) outgrowths commonly referred to as roots, ± 10 mm long, which connect to the roots of the host.

Its Amazing Adaptation: he Hydora Africana (Jack Food and Jakkaskos) Adaptation Tis a foul smell.

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Dabei sind nur Hydnora abyssinica und Hydnora africana weiter verbreitet, die möglicherweise bereits ausgestorbene Hydnora esculenta ist endemisch in Madagaskar, Hydnora triceps im Grenzland von Namibia und Südafrika und die erst 2002 erstbeschriebene Hydnora sinandevu im küstennahen Grenzland von Kenia und Tansania[1]. Unlike Hydnora africana, the sister species H. johannis parasitises the more superficial roots of Acacia karroo (sweet-thorn). [3] Each fruit produces about twenty thousand seeds. These plants do not have chlorophyll and do not perform photosynthesis.

Die im Durchmesser 5 bis 25 Zentimeter messenden Einzelblüten sind drei- bis fünfzählig (Hydnora) bzw. After the plant has grown and spread, it may develop several secondary haustoria, attaching itself to the same or different host nearby. They obtain their nutrients from a host plant, such as a species of Euphorbia.

It was only from 1774 that the plant was introduced to science in the western world by the father of South African botany, Carl Thunberg. The plants only become visible when the flowers protrude through the soil after good rains have fallen. SABONET, Pretoria. Plants of southern Africa : an annotated checklist. Die Pflanzen werden, soweit bekannt, von Käfern, Ameisen oder Fliegen bestäubt, die Frucht ist fleischig. Die Blüten verströmen einen übelriechenden Duft. Blüte von Hydnora africana Systematik Unterabteilung: Samenpflanzen Klasse: Bedecktsamer Magnoliids Ordnung: Pfefferartige Familie: Hydnoraceae Gattung: Hydnora Wissenschaftlicher Name Hydnora Thunb. This smell is generated from the osmophores, which is a white spongy area on the inner surface of the tepals that eventually change colour to grey. [3] The flower is where the perianth segments join and a short tube is present. Inside the flower, the inner surface … They obtain their nutrients entirely from a host plant, such as a species of Euphorbia. sex has a fleshy peachy-orange flower tha…

The anther groups are arranged into a triangle so that a gap forms between their pits and the beetles will proceed to fall down onto the stigma of the parasitic plant.


Die Arten besiedeln Halbwüsten und sind dort in ihrer Verbreitung an das Vorkommen der Wirte gebunden. The anterior portion of the tube there are yellowish-orange structures extend into the tube, these are the anther groups. Die Staubblätter sind verwachsen, der Pollen ist monocolpat, hat also nur eine Keimöffnung. [15], Rhizome extracts of Hydnora africana are used as an anti-dysenteric treatment in South Africa.

Clearly, this is no ordinary plant. Die im Durchmesser 5 bis 25 Zentimeter messenden Einzelblüten sind drei- bis fünfzählig (Hydnora) bzw.

Die Familie Hydnoraceae wurde 1821 durch Carl Adolf Agardh aufgestellt.

Among other uses, it is used for tanning and preserving fishnets, because it is an astringent.

Rood, B.

Musselman and Musselman 2016 3 October 2000. Nov. Gen. Pl. These odors are also found in dead-horse arum, Helicodiceros muscivorus.

Im Inneren der Blume ist die innere Oberfläche eine lebendige Lachs-Orange-Farbe. The fruit of Hydnora africana is said to be a traditional Khoi food, but there are no recorded details to confirm this. Hydnora africana is the only member of Hydnoraceae which has been cultivated. Strelitzia 14. (eds). The specific name africana means from Africa. [11] It has a fleshy peachy-orange flower that emerges from the ground after a heavy rainfall. sechs- oder achtzählig. A guide to useful plants of southern Africa. Hydnora africana is an achlorophyllous plant in the family Hydnoraceae, native to southern Africa that is parasitic on the roots of members of the Euphorbiaceae family. Hydnora africana, on the other hand, lacks such cuculli but has "baitbodies", specialized perianth hairs which omit the odor of decaying leather and attract various dermestid beetles (Visser and Musselman, 1986 and Visser, personal communications). A flower of Hydnora africana first appeared five and a half years after the initial sowing.[7].

[2][3] It is native to Africa, Madagascar, and the Arabian Peninsula. For hundreds of years, jackal food was well known by the indigenous inhabitants of southern Africa. Bei einigen Arten finden sich am Rand der Lappen leicht verdickte, weißliche Auswüchse, … Die Arten besiedeln Halbwüsten und sind wirtsabhängig, Hydnora parasitieren meist an Wolfsmilcharten (Euphorbia) und Akazien, Prosopanche an Mesquiten (Prosopis). are reported to be used as food (fruits) and medicine (rhizomes) for diarrhea, hypertension, and diabetes,[15] though these claims have not been confirmed.


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