leucaena leucocephala dmt
1990. | Creative Commons.

Las hojas son bipinnadas, paripinnadas y opositipinnadas; con glándulas —traslucidas y luego negruzcas— en la base de los raquis secundarios y los foliolos no tienen la vena principal en posición media, pero desplazada hacía arriba; dichos folíolos están implantados en la cara superior de dicho raquis secundario, lo que facilita su cierre los unos contra los otros en ausencia de luz. Additionally, the state of Oaxaca in Mexico derives its name from the Nahuatl word huaxyacac, the name for Leucaena leucocephala trees that are found around Oaxaca City.[19]. de Wit. Syst.

Eight of every ten trees uprooted by wind in Pune are L. de Wit. "Ecological Characteristics of Three Invasive Plants (Leucaena Leucocephala, Mikania Micrantha, and Stachytarpheta Urticaefolia) in Southern Taiwan."

Phytotoxic allelochemicals, such as mimosine and certain phenolic compounds, including p-hydroxycinnamic acid, protocatechuic acid, and gallic acid, have been identified in the leaves of the species.

El nombre genérico de Leucaena procede del griego leukos, que significa blanco, refiriéndose al color de las flores; además, el epíteto leucocephala deriva también del griego leukos y kephale, que significan blanco y cabeza, en alusión al color pálido de las cabezuelas florales. In such cases, toxicity problems from ingestion of Leucaena have sometimes been overcome by infusing susceptible animals with rumen fluid from ruminants that possess such organisms,[15] and more recently by inoculating cattle rumina with such organisms cultured in vitro.[16].

J.

Las hojas y semillas contienen un aminoácido (mimosina) cuya ingesta en grandes cantidades puede producir daños en los mamíferos no rumiantes y aves de corral (bocio, debilidad, pérdida de peso, aborto, caída de pelo en caballos, mulas y burros). Fonseca, N.G.

L. leucocephala is considered one of the 100 worst invasive species by the Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. Appl. Las semillas verdes, que tienen un sabor parecido al ajo, pueden consumirse frescas, crudas o asadas con un poco de sal.

This is a list of Acacia species (sensu lato) that are known to contain psychoactive alkaloids, or are suspected of containing such alkaloids due to being psychoactive.The presence and constitution of alkaloids in nature can be highly variable, due to environmental and genetic factors. L. leucocephala is used for a variety of purposes, such as fencing, soil fertility, firewood, fiber, and livestock fodder.

Leucaena leucocephala is a small fast-growing mimosoid tree native to southern Mexico and northern Central America and is now naturalized throughout the tropics. de Wit Huaxím Primera página de la especie Inicio del sitio (Home) 1. Crop Protection 22:829-836, John J, Narwal SS (2003) Allelopathic plants. Su sabor es levemente igual al ajo crudo aunque siendo, no poco más picosas.

This provides an alternate crop choice to the farmers of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states of India where they are also growing cotton and chillies. Dorado, Oscar; Flores Castorena, Álvaro; Jesús Almonte, J.M.

Se cultiva en parterres, plazas y jardines de muchas ciudades y pueblos, sin tener en cuenta que está incluida entre las cien especies exóticas invasoras más dañinas del mundo, según la Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (UICN).Wolfredo Wilpret, catedrático emérito de la Universidad de La Laguna, advierte del peligro que supone esta especie: «Aunque no cuenta con el volumen que presenta en la actualidad el rabo de gato [Pennisetum setaceum], el aromo blanco se está convirtiendo en un auténtico problema y, si no se atiende a tiempo, será difícil de tratar».

Identificación y descripción 4. Allison, M. J., A. C. Hammond, and R. J. Jones. It is also efficient in nitrogen fixation, at more than 500 kg/ha/year.

Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.)

Hábitat 5. Detection of ruminal bacteria that degrade toxic dihydroxypyridine compounds produced from mimosine.

Leucaena toxicosis and its control in ruminants. La Leucaena leucocephala es un arbusto o árbol de hoja perenne con una copa redondeada bastante abierta; Puede crecer de 5 a 20 metros de altura. [29] Bioherbicidal activity of L. leucocephala on terrestrial plants[30][31] and aquatic weed water hyacinth[32] were reported.

100 de las especies exóticas invasoras más dañinas del mundo, Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza, Catálogo Español de Especies Exóticas Invasoras, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de Lamarck, «Real Decreto 630/2013, de 2 de agosto, por el que se regula el Catálogo español de especies exóticas invasoras.», «Componentes nutricionales y antioxidantes de dos especies de guaje (Leucaena spp. ¿SABÍAS QUE…?

[9] It has also been described as a "conflict tree" because it is used for forage production but spreads like a weed in some places.[10]. Referencias . Gil González M.L., Flora Vascular de Canarias.

Desempenho germinativo da invasora Leucaena leucocephala e comparação com Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. During the 1970s and 1980s, it was promoted as a "miracle tree" for its multiple uses. [24], In urban areas, it is an especially unwanted species, growing along arid roadsides, in carparks, and on abandoned land. [4]​, Leucaena leucocephala fue descrita primero por Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monnet de Lamarck como Acacia leucocephala y publicado como tal en Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique, vol. It has huge positive socio-economic impact on the livelihood of the small farmers where Subabul is grown as an industrial crop. Las semillas también son utilizadas como sustitutas del café y para confeccionar collares y otras piezas de joyería. Leucaena leucocephala 171 Sistema agroforestal. https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leucaena_leucocephala&oldid=129988865, Wikipedia:Páginas con plantillas con argumentos duplicados, Wikipedia:Artículos destacados en la Wikipedia en indonesio, Wikipedia:Artículos destacados en la Wikipedia en nepalí, Wikipedia:Artículos que necesitan referencias, Wikipedia:Referenciar (aún sin clasificar), Wikipedia:Control de autoridades con 16 elementos, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. Las estípulas, triangulares, son diminutas y caducas. Aun teniendo troncos muy delgados, su madera se aprovecha para fabricar pequeños muebles y piezas artesanales; además son comercializados como tutores para el cultivo de tomate y chile dulce en Panamá y Honduras. Román Cortés, Nallely; García Mateos, María del Rosario; Castillo-González, Ana María De; Sahagún-Castellanos, Adelina; Jiméne-Arellanes (2014). de Wit white leadtree", "Leucaena leucocephala - Hong Kong Flora and Vegetation", "Activists want Pune Municipal Corporation to allow cutting of subabul trees in city", Allelopathic research of subtropical vegetation in Taiwan.

2011. Frecuentemente encontrada en el huerto familiar maya (Yucatán), mezclada con cultivos agrícolas. [28], The seeds contain mimosine, an amino acid known to be toxic to nonruminant vertebrates.[9]. Arbolito o arbusto elevado sin espinas, de unos 3 m de altura, que es capaz de alcanzar los 12 m en su lugar de origen.

(Lam.) Leucaena leucocephala has been considered for biomass production because its reported yield of foliage corresponds to a dried mass of 2,000–20,000 kg/ha/year, and that of wood 30–40 m³/ha/year, with up to twice those amounts in favorable climates. Las vainas se encuentran frecuentemente en los mercados de México.

Aromo blanco, acacia pálida, tamarindo silvestre (cast.

Such measures have facilitated Leucaena use for fodder in Australia and elsewhere. Efficacy, persistence and presence of Synergistes jonesii in cattle grazing leucaena in Queensland: on-farm observations pre-and post-inoculation. Leucaena leucocephala is a small fast-growing mimosoid tree native to southern Mexico and northern Central America (Belize and Guatemala)[2][4] and is now naturalized throughout the tropics. L. leucocephala is used for a variety of purposes, such as fencing, soil fertility, firewood, fiber, and livestock fodder.

Los guajes se han consumido en México desde tiempos prehispánicos ya sea cocidos o crudos.

Leucaena is a long-lived perennial legume (around 23 year half-life in difficult conditions in Australia). Leucaena leucocephala (conocido como huaxyacac, peladera, liliaque, huaje o guaje, entre otros) es una especie arbórea del género Leucaena de la familia de las leguminosas o fabáceas. In India it is being promoted for both fodder and energy.[17]. Con ellas se prepara un guiso conocido como huaxmole o guaxmole, plato típico de la gastronomía mexicana.

Enlaces 9. III. 10(2), p. 54, 1961.

In the southern and central states of India, Subabul is the most important pulpwood species for making pulp.

); acácoa-esponjeira, aroma-branco (port.

In many cases this acid is metabolized by ruminants to goitrogenic DHP [3-hydroxy-4(1H) pyridone] in the rumen,[13][14] but in some geographical areas, ruminants lack the organisms (such as Synergistes jonesii) that can degrade DHP.

[23], It grows quickly and forms dense thickets that crowd out all native vegetation. Legumbre madura y abierta: detalle de una semilla in situ con su funículo; "línea fisural" claramente visible. Nombres 2. Introducción Por otro lado, se atribuye a las semillas diversos usos medicinales: calman el dolor de estómago, favorecen la digestión y abren las obstrucciones. [4]​, Se cultiva para su uso como abono verde y forraje. Link: Kuo, Yau-Lun. El aromo blanco ha llegado a Canarias por su uso ornamental. [26], This species is susceptible to insect infestations. The legume is promoted in several countries of Southeast Asia (at least Burma, Cambodia, Laos,[11] and Thailand), most importantly as a source of quality animal feed, but also for residual use for firewood or charcoal production. Graham, S. R., S. A. Dalzell, Nguyen Trong Ngu, C. K. Davis, D. Greenway, C. S. McSweeney, and H. M. Shelton.

Horses and donkeys which are fed it lose their hair. En Canarias crece, Especie originaria de México y América Central que ha sido introducida y. Hammond, A. C. 1995. It … However, it is now considered unsuitable for urban planting because of its tendency to get uprooted in rain and wind. Handbook of Energy Crops at Purdue University: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leucaena_leucocephala&oldid=968446783, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Pradip Krishen, 'Trees of Delhi a Field Guide', DK publishers, Page 291, 2006, This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 13:02.

de Wit — the Plant List", "2.1 Leucaena leucocephala - the Most Widely Used Forage Tree Legume", Subabul Reloaded: How One Tree Could Be the Answer to India’s Fodder, Fuel Needs; Published in, "Invasive Species South Africa - Protecting Biodiversity from Invasion - Leucaena | Leucaena leucocephala", http://acta.botanica.org.br/index.php/acta/article/viewFile/1265/427, "Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) [10], It is a highly invasive species in the arid parts of Taiwan, The Bahamas, the Hawaiian Islands, Fiji, Puerto Rico, Hong Kong, South Africa,[20] and northern Australia,[21] as well as in South America and Europe.

73: 1487-1492.

Animal Sci. 56: 590-594. The young pods are edible and occasionally eaten in Javanese vegetable salad with spicy peanut sauce, and spicy fish wrapped in papaya or taro leaves in Indonesia, and in papaya salad in Laos[11] and Thailand, where they are known as phak krathin (Thai: ผักกระถิน). 53: 1065-1074. [2].[8]​. Sci. Allelopath J 12:13-36 OpenURL, Chai TT, Ooh KF, Ooi PW, Chue PS, Wong FC (2013), Javanese vegetable salad with spicy peanut sauce, spicy fish wrapped in papaya or taro leaves, "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny", "Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.)

.

Vengeful Rebirth Playmat, Nick Diaz House, Tekken 7 Unlock All Items, South Carolina State Shell, Path Of Exile Quest Colors, Regina Cwc Last Name, Tv5 Tv Shows, Lidl Instant Coffee, Hallelujah Instrumental Violin, Buttercup Mix And Mash Roblox Id, Girl Saying Eww Sound Effect, Nxivm Documentary Streaming, Onefour Net Worth, What Does It Mean When You Hit A Bird While Driving, How To Test Ge Flood Switch, Tekken 7 Unlock All Items, Rds Fuel Tank Dealers Near Me, アメリカ ガレージ 停電, Tiger Muskie Bait Colorado, Kristina Braverman Death, Gupshup With Aftab Iqbal Cast, The Puppet Master Prodigy, How To Get Rid Of Flies From Dead Rats, Pup Star: World Tour All Songs, Prometheus Context Deadline Exceeded, Narnia Cbd Flower, Sell A Country Why Not Sell The Air Meaning, Pita Castro Age, Umc Deacons And Sacraments, How Does Ducati Quick Shifter Work, Medium Goldendoodle Ohio, Ciprofloxacin And Adderall, Who Is Wendy Griffith Married To, Starcom: Nexus Full Map, Cr85 Seat Height, Bbq Dreamz Restaurant, 120v Sauna Heater, Zinsser Paint Stockists,