mao landlords quote
The rural landlords came out of a tradition of regional warlords, mixed with the Confucius tradition. Revolution is insurrection, the violent action of one class overthrowing the power of another.

[It was] a victory for us and defeat for the enemy.” “A revolution is not a dinner party, nor a literary composition, nor painting nor embroidering.

As a result, "middling peasants," who now accounted for 90 percent of the village population, owned 90.8 percent of the land, as close to perfect equality as one could possibly hope for. In the mid-19th century, the Taiping Rebellion had a short-lived program of land confiscation and redistribution and after How may it be said that these two cannot exist together?” the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, the founder of the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, advocated a "land to the tiller" program of equal distribution of land which was partly implemented by the Nationalist Government under Chiang Kai-shek. Mao Zedong on the Red Army, “Three simple rules of discipline: prompt obedience to orders, no confiscations whatsoever from the poor peasantry, and prompt delivery to the government of all goods confiscated from landlords.”

[1] Mao thought that peasants who killed landlords would become permanently linked to the revolutionary process in a way that passive spectators could not be. [32] The PRC reversed this policy in 1962 through the proclamation of the Sixty Articles. While the Red Army was unquestionably in forced retreat, its toughened veterans reached their planned objective with moral and political will as strong as ever… Their conviction had helped turn what might have been a terrible defeat into an arrival in triumph.”

I want to call out one of my pet peeves in both left and right-wing circles. For more info, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. An agrarian revolution is a revolution by the peasantry to overthrow the power of the feudal landlord class. This is a question of the first importance for the revolution.”

Second, the reason it is so reductive is because it’s originally a right-wing idea to paint Mao as worse than Hitler. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2008, p.455, 国家统计局编:《建国三十年全国农业统计资料(1949-1979)》,1980年3月印制。, Mass killings of landlords under Mao Zedong, Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan, Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the Twentieth Century, "Land reform in rural China since the mid-1980s", Land Reform and Collectivization (1950-1953),, Campaigns of the Communist Party of China, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 06:42. [11] In terms of the communist party's evaluation Zhou Enlai estimated 830,000 had been killed and Mao Zedong estimated as many as 2 to 3 million were killed. Quotes from Mao Tse Tung: 150 selected fom the Little Red Book, and linked back to their context and source. This is the reductive perspective we always get. By around 1000AD (this is a loose date, I’m not a Chinese history expert, and just giving a sketch), the scholar class had even more power than the hereditary aristocrats. Landlords fought – physically – to keep their rights. The number of households, population, and total arable land are based on the 1950 agricultural production annual report. These quotations have been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors. This was all a matter of government enabled and government enforced policy. Foreign aid was refused. [13] Philip Short noted that such estimates exclude the hundreds of thousands driven to suicide during "struggle sessions" of the three-anti/five-anti campaigns, which also occurred around the same time. There are a few reasons why the “Mao killed the landlords” narrative is reductive. Together, taxation and compulsory purchases accounted for 30% of the harvest by 1957, leaving very little surplus. This policy was generally a failure in terms of production. Change ). The Chinese government’s role in these conflicts was providing protection to the poor peasants, and even the wealthy, non-land owning peasants who may be caught in the crosshairs. Chinese Revolution crossword for beginners. "Mao’s China: The Worst Non-Genocidal Regime?." Land ownership was a combination of pseudo-feudal landlords, and capitalist-influenced landlords. [37] Land reform also succeeded because the Kuomintang's members were mostly from mainland China and, as a result, had few ties with the remaining indigenous Taiwanese landowners.[38]. [16], The Outline Land Law of October 1947 increased the pressure. A poem by Mao Zedong, 1925, “Who are our enemies? Because the work teams did not involve villagers in the process, however, rich and middle peasants quickly returned to power. Party work teams went quickly from village to village and divided the population into landlords, rich, middle, poor, and landless peasants. [10], Over the following decades, the Party went back and forth on strategy. Land ownership in China was long informed by Confucius’s “four categories of the people” – the scholars, the peasants, the crafters, and the traders, in that order. Edgar Snow, 1937, “Adventure, exploration, discovery, human courage and cowardice, ecstasy and triumph, suffering, sacrifice and loyalty, and then through it all, like a flame, this undimmed ardour and undying hope and amazing revolutionary optimism… an Odyssey unequalled in modern times.”


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