oil spills essay
On March 24, 1989 the Exxon Valdez oil tanker spilt all its oil into the ocean. The causes of oil spills are many. There is always a price to pay. Oil is highly dangerous and toxic to marine life. Large oil spills far out to sea tend not to do a great deal of environmental damage, because the oil “weathers” and breaks up before it reaches a shoreline. Response costs can be recovered from the spiller. It has a very huge impact on the lives of people, that of animals and the environment as a whole. Prof. Gloria Zuniga y Postigo The cause of the […], Did you know that without the ocean, you would not be able to survive in this world? The first major oil spill to gain similar attention in the United States was the 1969 Santa Barbara, California, oil spill, in which 200,000 gallons of oil spilled from an offshore well, killing wildlife, and leading to a famous picture of President Nixon walking along the oily beach. Additionally, oil is found in seas but deep down the underlying rock of the sea. We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. These spills were not viewed as problems because the nation was at war. Every day they are being killed off by man-made pollutants. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you. WE DO NOT ENDORSE, ENCOURAGE OF APPROVE OF ANY When these are covered with black oil, their livelihood is shattered. Oil is extremely toxic to marine life and the harmful effects occur as soon as the oil hits the water. Much of it is inaccessible and untouched from human activity. MORE ABOUT OUR PRIVACY AND COOKIE POLICY, SEE USER AGREEMENT. Oil spills are caused by human error, natural disasters, and equipment breaking. Would you still go to the park if the rivers, lakes, and oceans would turn the color of oil and pollution? The House sought a uniform national standard in large part to reduce the potential costs of transporting oils. Organic matter from dead living organisms is vital in the formation of oil. 11 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the Prince William Sound, which was a location in the Gulf of Alaska known to be hazardous to navigate. A human missed the signs that the oil rig was failing. It has ruined the shoreline, killed animal and sea life, threaten the ecosystem and harmed the tourism and fishing in Louisiana. Such double hulls are said to be able to withstand collisions or groundings (the cause of both the Torrey Canyon and Exxon Valdez spills), although some experts have questioned their effectiveness. When they are at the surface they can become oiled, or in the worst case scenario, smothered. The damage done by oil spills is a function of at least three things: the nature of the oil spilled; the proximity of the spill to the shore where most marine life lives; and the nature of the weather, current, and tides.

Since the passage of the U.S. Oil Pollution Act in 1990, the Coast Guard and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are in charge of oil spill cleanup in the United States; other federal agencies are asked for help as needed.

All Rights Reserved. in Prince William Sound, Alaska. It is also to increase the safety checks on them as well. For example, car pollution, deforestation, global warming, hunting, water pollution, but most of all, oil […], Oil spill not only has physical, mental and social effects on living beings but also has environmental and economic effects. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic, please use our writing services. Many people are affected by it. Unfortunately, when this does happen, there is always losses of life.

Can you imagine a world where clean water does not exist anymore?

Since the OPA, the incidence of major oil spills in the United States and worldwide has dropped significantly. Section 311 also required that a national oil spill contingency plan be established with a fund to cover costs incurred by the federal government in cleaning up oil spills. Use Promo "custom20" And Get 20% Off! Many individuals depend upon the health and beauty of the ocean, as well as her beaches, for their livelihood.

Obviously, humans do make mistakes. Introduction BY CONTINUING TO USE THIS WEBSITE, YOU AGREE TO THE USE OF COOKIES. Following the spill, numerous legal issue came about due to the fact that there was no legal precedent on how to deal with such man-made disaster involving two different nations and different oil companies. February 29, 2016      In March of 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef There are multiple ways in which oil spills can be cleaned in a safe and cost efficient way.

The ocean provides us with water to drink and the fresh air we breathe. These have a significant effect on local economies. Bush signed the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) into law on August 18, 1990. Essay On Oil Spills 1413 Words | 6 Pages. For oil spill such as the BP one, there are often warning signs on the equipment that might indicate that the pressure is too high. Oil’s resistance to flow is known as viscosity. The Senate generally favored retaining the state laws to create a greater incentive to avoid oil spills. This debate was brought to a swift conclusion when the Exxon Valdez ran aground on a reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, spilling 11 million gallons of oil in one of the richest marine environments in the world. In 1973, the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act created a similar fund for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), funded by a five cent per barrel tax on oil, with a $100 million cap. Oil Spill Pollution 1 Page One major form of pollution that affects marine life is oil spills. Introduction The Deepwater Horizon incident was the largest marine oil spill in history. Amendments in 1978 raised only ship owners’ liability to $150 per gross ton for ships and $125 per ton for barges. An oil spill is when liquid petroleum hydrocarbon is released into the environment. That’s why the issue of ocean pollution is important and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. Oil spill responses are designed to contain or disperse oil before it does damage. You can include information on past oil spills if that helps you. Need A Unique Essay on "Oil Spills"? Initially, crude oil was flowing into the Gulf of Mexico at a rate of 30,000 barrels per day; however, Petroleous Mexicanos (Pemex) was able to slow the rate of discharge to between 10,000 and 20,000 barrels per day (U.S. House …

WE USE COOKIES TO IMPROVE YOUR EXPERIENCE. The extensive oil spill created a lot of pollution and far-reaching effects on the tourism industry. This fund never reached its authorized size of $35 million, reaching at most $24 million in 1985. This latter technique is very controversial: some argue that the dispersed oil still does damage while it is in the water, while others argue that it is best to disperse the oil before it can do worse damage on the shoreline. Oil spills have detrimental effects on the environment and the economy.

Promo code: cd1a428655, Federal Emergency Management Agency Essay, Ann Cooper, “Oil Spills: Tanker Safety Legislation Pushed,”, T.D. Over 900,000 gallons of oil spills into the oceans every year, either from leaking tankers, oil spills, or leaks from oil dredging machinery. Those simple things […], The Ocean is one of the major reasons why humans survive in this world. Their plan is to dump another unnatural chemical into the water to help disperse the oil. Oil spills have detrimental effects on the environment and the economy. […], It is not considered an oil spill when oil seeps through the ground underwater. We can create an original paper just for you!

For example, blocking sunlight from the coral reefs and causing them to die, which in turn affects the habitats for marine life. Phillip Staton Topics: Environmental Science, Human Impact On The Environment, Natural Environment, Oil Spill, Plastic Pollution, Pollution, Water, Water Pollution, Topics: Environmental Science, Human Impact On The Environment, Natural Environment, Ocean Pollution, Oil Spill, Pollution, Water, Topics: Natural Environment, Ocean Pollution, Oil Spill, Plastic, Pollution, Water, Topics: Environmental Science, Human Impact On The Environment, Natural Environment, Ocean Pollution, Oil Spill, Pollution, Water, Water Pollution, Topics: Natural Environment, Ocean Pollution, Oil Spill, Pollution, Water, Marine Pollution and its Effect on the Thermal Capacity of Seawater, Paired Debate Speech Water Pollution and Consumerism, Crisis Reflection the Gulf Coast and the BP Oil Spill, Hair we Go again Organic Alternatives to Oceanic Oil Spills, Two Different Types of Oil Spills – Human and Environmentally Natural. About 114,000 tons of that oil started to biodegrade[2], which means the, Okonkwo's Themes: Fall Ashamed Of His Father, Objectives And Summary Of Teaching Philosophy And Philosophy, Essay about Oil Spills and How They Affect The Environment. To reduce the impact on wildlife, responders may set off loud noises to scare animals away so they are not exposed to the oil. © 2011-2020 MyCustomEssay.com. There are many different endangered animals in the ocean. In this paper I will touch on many different ways waters become polluted, and you can see for yourself that human involvement is the root cause of it all. Section 311 established liability limits for owners of oil facilities and ship owners at $8 million for fixed facilities and the lesser of $100 per gross ton or $14 million for ships.

There are often warning signs that an oil spill will occur. When an oil spill occurs, such as the recent one in the Gulf of Mexico, the environment is obviously destroyed. These signs should be taken seriously. At $1 billion, such a fund may not be sufficient to clean up the largest spill, but it still comes closer to the costs of cleaning up a spill of the magnitude of the Exxon Valdez than did any of the other funds. One way is bioremediation, which is the use of microorganisms to break down pollutants. Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student. Oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. Across the shorelines is home to the wetlands, a paradise ecosystem for many species that live there. Oils spills are defined as the release1 of any type of oil that contaminates numerous environments including, land, air and water but primarily affect the ocean. The first major oil spill to receive worldwide attention was the Torrey Canyon spill off the United Kingdom.

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