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Mirosław Gliński Geneza obozu koncentracyjnego Stutthof na tle hitlerowskich przygotowan w Gdansku do wojny z Polska, Maria Wardzyńska, "Był rok 1939. An agreement formulated by Italy’s foreign minister Galeazzo Ciano informally linking the two fascist countries was reached on October 25, 1936. Lewis Copeland, Lawrence W. Lamm, Stephen J. McKenna. Of the additional countries, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, the Independent State of Croatia, and Slovakia participated in various Axis military operations with their national armed forces, while the sixth, Yugoslavia, saw its pro-Nazi government overthrown in a coup merely days after it signed the Pact, and the membership was reversed.

The Bulgarian forces in these areas spent the following years fighting various nationalist groups and resistance movements. Despite this, the Paris Peace Treaty treated Bulgaria as one of the defeated countries. [42] The German government also justified its actions by claiming that Germany inevitably needed to territorially expand because it was facing an overpopulation crisis that Hitler described: "We are overpopulated and cannot feed ourselves from our own resources". Phibun and a number of his associates were put on trial on charges of having committed war crimes and of collaborating with the Axis powers.

The Germans recruited volunteers in units independent of Vichy. The government had a strained relationship with the Japanese from the beginning.

They had also managed to lose Italy as a partner against Hitler. A treaty of alliance was concluded between the Ba Maw regime and Japan was signed by Ba Maw for Burma and Sawada Renzo for Japan on the same day in which the Ba Maw government pledged itself to provide the Japanese "with every necessary assistance in order to execute a successful military operation in Burma". Parts of the former Yugoslavia were annexed to Hungary; the United Kingdom immediately broke off diplomatic relations in response. with Britain. They were actively supported by Mussolini's Fascist regime in Italy, which gave the movement training grounds to prepare for war against Yugoslavia, as well as accepting Pavelić as an exile and allowing him to reside in Rome. Stories of werewolves, witches and vampires still swirl among the peaks and forests of the Carpathian Mountains. [10], However at this time Mussolini stressed one important condition that Italy must pursue in an alliance with Germany: that Italy "must ... tow them, not be towed by them". Diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Finland were severed on 1 August 1941, after the British bombed German forces in the Finnish village and port of Petsamo. Romania was subsequently used as a platform for invasions of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. The possibility of Spanish intervention in World War II was of concern to the United States, which investigated the activities of Spain's ruling Falange party in Latin America, especially Puerto Rico, where pro-Falange and pro-Franco sentiment was high, even amongst the ruling upper classes. [146][147] Hitler never responded to Stalin's letter. [39] Italy did not mobilize its economy; its GNP committed to the war effort remained at prewar levels. Front. This group wrote the current Lao national anthem and designed the current Lao flag, while paradoxically pledging support for France. Finland was one of Germany's most important allies in it war with the USSR.[105]. P. 78. [46] At the same time Germany was preparing for a war with Poland and was secretly preparing the German minority in Poland for a war. Antonescu was the only foreign leader Hitler consulted on military matters[97] and the two would meet no less than ten times throughout the war. The Nazis, under Hitler, promoted the nationalist stab-in-the-back legend stating that Germany had been betrayed by Jews and Communists. [158] The Albanian government had refused to hand over their Jewish population. The new Manchu nation was recognized by 23 of the League of Nations' 80 members. Public opinion was favorable to Phibun, as he was thought to have done his best to protect Thai interests. Although under the firm control of the Japanese Imperial Army, which occupied its territory, Prince Demchugdongrub had his own independent army. According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC, between 320,000 and 340,000 Serbs were killed in the NDH.[92]. But it has been decided.

Most of the country was held by Italian forces, but strategic locations (Central Macedonia, the islands of the northeastern Aegean, most of Crete, and parts of Attica) were held by the Germans, who seized most of the country's economic assets and effectively controlled the collaborationist government. This included a secret protocol whereby the independent countries of Poland, Finland, Estonia, Romania, Latvia and Lithuania were divided into spheres of interest of the parties. Their army was even incorporated to Wehrmacht. Quisling and other collaborators were executed, Military history of Italy during World War II, intervention against Greece in October 1940, intervention against Yugoslavia in April 1941, declared war on the United States and the British Empire, atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Military history of Bulgaria during World War II, Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, occupied and annexed Bessarabia, as well as part of northern Romania, Yugoslav accession to the Tripartite Pact, Provisional Government of the Republic of China, Reformed Government of the Republic of China, Military history of Finland during World War II, Germany–Soviet Union relations before 1941, de Gaulle's government-in-exile in London, was forced to allow Japan to occupy French Indochina, led an attack by Allied forces on the Vichy port of Dakar, landing of Allied troops in French North Africa, Territory of the (German) Military Commander in Serbia, French Protectorate of Laos § Japanese occupation of Laos, Germany–Japan relations § Rapprochement, Axis and World War II (1920–1945), Germany–Japan industrial co-operation before World War II, attacked the US naval bases in Pearl Harbor, formally declare war on the United States, Hitler declaring war on the United States, Axis power negotiations on the division of Asia during World War II, Expansion operations and planning of the Axis powers, Hypothetical Axis victory in World War II, List of pro-Axis leaders and governments or direct control in occupied territories, Albania: A Country Study: Italian Occupation, Library of Congress,, "Szita Szabolcs: A budapesti csillagos házak (1944-45) | Remény", "Den Dansk-Tyske Ikke-Angrebstraktat af 1939", "Den Danske Brigade DANFORCE – Den Danske Brigade "DANFORCE" Sverige 1943–45", "Military Expediency: A Determining Factor in the Japanese Policy regarding Burmese Independence", "Avalon Project – Nazi-Soviet Relations 1939–1941", Albert Lebrun's biography, French Republic Presidential official website, "Historian: FDR probably engineered famous WWII plans leak", "BBC On This Day – 11 – 1941: Germany and Italy declare war on US", "Plan Dog | Operations & Codenames of WWII", Silent movie of the signing of The Tripartite Pact, Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland, National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark, National Socialist Workers' Party (Sweden), German National Movement in Liechtenstein, German National Socialist Workers' Party (Czechoslovakia), Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party, National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement, Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen, Union of Young Fascists – Vanguard (boys), Union of Young Fascists – Vanguard (girls), National Socialist German Students' League, Persecution of Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia,, States and territories established in 1940, States and territories disestablished in 1945, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2012, Articles with Danish-language sources (da), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles that may be too long from October 2020, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 00:09.


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